Diastemas and how they can be treated
Diastema is a name given to gaps that exist between teeth. The diastema can either be present only between two particular teeth in the oral cavity, or it can be generalized. In both cases, it is possible to mask or treat the condition with dental restorative interventions.
It is important however, to understand the need of the patient. If the patient is only concerned about the aesthetics and wishes to make his/her smile appear better, then cosmetic dental treatments such as direct bonding and veneering can be used. However, if the patient requires an effective, permanent solution to the problem, the dentist can either chart a treatment plan using orthodontics, or fixed prosthesis.
The cosmetic solution for gaps present in the oral cavity offers two options; composite veneering and direct dental bonding. In both cases, the problem is only masked using adhesive dental materials. It must be noted that if these materials are subjected to excessive stress or force, they can fracture, only to once again reveal the issue. However, the veneering and bonding can be repeated as many times as the patient requires without any side effects. In direct dental bonding, a composite based restorative material that matches the color of the natural teeth is used to extend the margins of the teeth between which the gaps exist. The material thus closes the gap and is contoured and shaped to give a natural feel to the restored tooth. It is then set and polished. In case of dental veneering on the other hand, fine ceramic shells are fabricated based on dental morphological details recorded from impressions. These shells, or veneers match the shade and shape of the natural teeth and can easily be bonded onto the anterior surfaces with the help of luting cements. It is possible to complete both, direct bonding and veneering in a single sitting with the help of latest CAD/CAM technologies in advanced dental practices.
Other methods of treating diastemas include fixed prosthesis, which include crowns and bridges, and orthodontic intervention. Crowns and bridges can be fabricated using porcelain, or porcelain fused to metal and fixed on to the affected teeth after they have been slightly reduced in exposed dimensions. Orthodontic treatment, commonly known as braces, is perhaps the only permanent solution to the problem. By aligning the teeth and effectively addressing the spacing problem following comprehensive dental analysis, braces are capable of closing the diastemas for good. However, compared to other treatment options, braces take the longest to show significant results. They are also more expensive in contrast to other procedures.
Visit Dr George Turner DDS today to learn about the most suitable treatment options for distemas based on your requirements, preferences and budget.