Periodontal Diseases refer to all the medical conditions that affect the gum and soft tissues of the oral cavity. Maintaining gingival health is critical because it is these soft structures that firmly hold the tooth in its socket. Periodontal diseases are very common across the globe because people tend to unintentionally ignore the gums during their daily oral hygiene maintenance regimes.
There are a few signs that indicate periodontal diseases and unhealthy gums in the oral cavity; these include change in color, redness, swelling or inflammation, pain, tenderness and bleeding. Gingivitis and Periodontitis are two of the most common periodontal diseases in the world. Gingivitis is the precursor of Periodontitis, characterized by the swelling, redness, bleeding and pocketing of gums. If left untreated, gingivitis can lead to a more advanced, irreversible condition known as Periodontitis, which is characterized by frequent bleeding, pain, inflammation, tenderness, gum recession, exposure of tooth roots, foul odor (halitosis), formation of deep inter-dental pockets and tooth mobility. The latter is a harmful condition that can lead to early loss of teeth and uncontrolled infection spread, which is why it is critical to treat gum diseases in a timely manner.
In order to maintain ideal gum health, it is important to visit the dental clinic for routinely checkups, and professional cleanings at least once in four months. These cleanings prevent accumulation of calculus (hardened plaque) in areas which are difficult to clean using a tooth brush. Flossing should also be an essential part of every oral hygiene regimes. Remember, the health of your teeth depends directly upon the health of your gums!
If you wish to learn more about how you can keep your gums in perfect health at home, or about correct brushing and flossing techniques for better results, call George Turner DDS today and we’ll provide you with all the guidelines you need to smile bigger and brighter all your life!